Modern approaches to treatment of obesity
Cherenko M. S.
Obesity is a chronic disease, spread of which is constantly increasing among adults, adolescents and children throughout the world. Obesity is a global epidemic. It is impossible to underestimate the risks of obesity. It has been statistically proven that it is associated with an increase in mortality and the risk of various diseases, primarily metabolic and cardiovascular, as well as oncological and psychological. Obesity reduces life expectancy by 0.8–13.7 years. In the US, a third of the adult population is overweight, and another third is obese. Statistics in the world are also disappointing – up to 650 million people are obese. It is believed that by 2030, the number of patients with this disease will exceed 44 %. Many studies are currently devoted studying the causes of obesity. Many genes are known to be associated with the development of obesity, but almost always a number of factors will influence development of this disease: among them of course eating habits and lifestyle. The question of the presence of certain factors often arises in the course of obesity and which endocrine problems that could lead to to weight gain. The article analyses existing data on factors leading to the development of obesity.
Key words: obesity, metabolic diseases, cardiovascular diseases, epidemic factors.