Treatment of excessive body weight and obesity in children
Velichko V. I., Mankovskyi B. M., Lagoda D. O., Danylchuk G. O.,
Wenger Ya. I.
Childhood obesity is a chronic, threatening disease that continues into adulthood, therefore it is necessary to identify and treat it in a timely manner. Unfortunately, currently in Ukraine there is no unified universally recognized approach to a change in diet or physical activity that could be recommended for use in pediatric practice. One of the ways to stop the epidemic obesity today there are medical methods of prevention excessive body weight or obesity. Proposed treatment algorithm for treatment of childhood obesity will help doctors to make personalized success plan for solving this problem. Medical treatment is prescribed only to children with severe obesity or in the presence of accompanying metabolic disorders (for example, polycystic ovary syndromelipideamia, carbohydrate disorders, arterial hypertension etc). Obesity can cause metabolic changes and development of complications. Without diagnosis and treatment of metabolic changes progresses in adulthood.
Keywords: obesity, excessive body weight, childhood, algorithm.